Next to air, water is the most important element for the preservation of life. If not managed and conserved, it will result in shortages in the future. You can be part of the solution with these smart water conservation tips:
1. Check your toilet for leaks. Put a few drops of food coloring in your toilet tank. If, without flushing, the coloring begins to appear in the bowl, you have a leak that may be wasting more than 100 gallons of water a day.
2. Stop using your toilet as an ashtray or wastebasket. Every cigarette butt or tissue you flush away also flushes away 5-7 gallons of water.
3. Put a plastic bottle in your toilet tank. Put an inch or two of sand or pebbles in the bottom of a 1-liter bottle to weigh it down. Fill the rest of the bottle with water and put it in your toilet tank, safely away from the operating mechanism. In an average home, the bottle may save 5 gallons or more of water every day without harming the efficiency of the toilet. If your tank is big enough, you may even be able to put in two bottles.
4. Take shorter showers. A typical shower uses 5-10 gallons of water a minute. Limit your showers to the time it takes to soap up, wash down, and rise off.
5. Install water-saving shower heads or flow restrictors. Your hardware or plumbing supply store stocks inexpensive shower heads or flow restrictors that will cut your shower flow to about 3 gallons a minute instead of 5-10. They are easy to install, and your showers will still be cleansing and refreshing.
6. Take baths. A partially filled tub uses less water than all but the shortest showers.
7. Turn off the water while brushing your teeth. Before brushing, wet your brush and fill a glass for rinsing your mouth.
8. Turn off the water while shaving. Fill the bottom of the sink with a few inches of warm water in which to rinse your razor.
9. Check faucets and pipes for leaks. Even a small drip can waste 50 or more gallons of water a day.
10. Use your automatic dishwasher for full loads only. Running your dishwasher less often saves water and money.
11. Use your automatic washing machine only for full loads only. Your automatic washer uses 30 to 35 gallons per cycle.
12. Don't let the faucet run while you clean vegetables. Rinse your vegetables instead in a bowl or sink full of clean water.
13. Keep a bottle of drinking water in the refrigerator. This puts a stop to the wasteful practice of running tap water to cool it for drinking.
14. If you wash dishes by hand, don't leave the water running for rinsing. If you have two sinks, fill one with rinse water. If you have only one sink, first gather all your washed dishes in a dish rack, then rinse them quickly with a spray device or a pan of water.
15. Check faucets and pipes for leaks. Leaks waste water…24 hours a day, 7 days a week. An inexpensive washer is usually enough to stop them.
16. Water your lawn only when it needs it. Watering on a regular schedule doesn't allow for cool spells or rainfall which reduce the need for watering. Step on some grass. If it springs back up when you move your foot, it doesn't need water.
17. Deep-soak your lawn. When you do water your lawn, water it long enough for water to seep down to the roots where it is needed. A light sprinkling that sits on the surface will simply evaporate and be wasted.
18. Water during the cool parts of the day. Early morning is better than dusk since it helps prevent the growth of fungus.
19. Don't water the gutter. Position your sprinklers so that water lands on your lawn or garden, not in areas where it does no good. Avoid watering on windy days when much of your water may be carried off to the streets and sidewalks.
20. Plant drought-resistant trees and plants. Many beautiful trees and plants thrive without irrigation.
21. Put a layer of mulch around trees and plants. Mulch slows the evaporation of moisture.
22. Use a broom to clean driveways, sidewalks, and steps. Using a hose wastes hundreds and hundreds of gallons of water.
23. Don't run the hose while washing your car. Soap down your car from a pail of soapy water and use a hose only to rinse it off.
24. Tell your children not to play with the hose and sprinklers. Children love to play under a hose or sprinkler on a hot day. Unfortunately, this practice is extremely wasteful of precious water and should be discouraged.
25. Check for leaks in pipes, hoses faucets and couplings. Leaks outside the house are easier to ignore since they don't mess up the floor or keep you awake at night. However, they can be even more wasteful than inside water leaks especially when they occur on your main water line.